Assyrians


Assyrians
Conquerors of Egypt c.680-c.663 BC.
    Assyria's recovery as a great power in the reign of Adad-nirari II (912-891 BC) heralded the beginning of an empire which was destined to sweep away the old *Hittite supremacy and to encompass the Nile valley.
    Great Assyrian rulers such as *Tiglath-pileser III and *Sennacherib came into conflict with Egypt over the small states in Syria/Palestine. Finally, *Esarhaddon took the fight into Egypt and drove the Ethiopian ruler *Taharka (whose dynasty now ruled Egypt) back to the south; although he returned briefly to Egypt, a later Assyrian king, *Ashurbanipal, again forced him back to his southern kingdom.
    Under *Ashurbanipal, the Assyrian empire was at its height, and he was able to establish his supremacy in Egypt, sacking Thebes in 664 BC and carrying booty back to Nineveh. Troubles at home forced him to return to Assyria and he left *Necho, a prince of the city of Sais, in charge of Egypt. One of *Necho's successors, *Psammetichus I, was able to consolidate the position of the Saite princes as kings of the Twenty-sixth Dynasty, by using foreign mercenaries to establish his supremacy over the other native princes.
    The Assyrians never returned to Egypt, but the new and dangerous alliance of the Babylonians and the Medes persuaded the Egyptians to ally with Assyria in 616 BC. However, the Babylonians sacked Nineveh, capital of Assyria, in 612 BC, and became the new threat for Egypt.
    In the ninth century BC, the Assyrian kings had succeeded in establishing the greatest empire the world had yet seen; it was based on a constitution as a nation rather than incoporating a collection of client city-states (as earlier empires had been) and it was supported by an advanced army which possessed sophisticated weapons and which relied on compulsory military service.
BIBL. Von Zeissl, H. Athiopen und Assyrer in Agypten. Gluckstadt: 1944; Pritchard, J.B. (Ed.) ANET. Princeton, 1969.
Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Assyrians —    This is a rather recent term used by a still partially Aramaic speaking, Christian minority who have historically lived among the Kurds, with whom they have often but not always had subservient relations. Assyrians claim descent from the… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • Assyrians — As·syr·i·an || É™ sɪrɪən n. resident of Assyria adj. of or pertaining to Assyria …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Assyrians and Syriacs in Iraq — are those ethnic Assyrian and ethnic Syriac adherents of Syriac Christianity residing in the country of Iraq. They number at an estimated 0.8 million or roughly 3% of total Iraqi population, forming the country s third or fourth largest ethnic… …   Wikipedia

  • Assyrians in Armenia — (Lang hy|Ասորիներ, Asoriner ) make up the country s third largest ethnic minority, after Yazidis and Russians. According to the 2001 census, there are 3,409 Assyrians living in Armenia [ [http://docs.armstat.am/census/pdfs/51.pdf 2001 Armenian… …   Wikipedia

  • Assyrians in Finland — began arriving noticeably for the first time in 1991.cite news|title=Assyrians in Finland|first=Patrous|last=Androw|date=2001 11 12|publisher=Zinda Magazine|url=http://www.zindamagazine.com/html/archives/2001/11.12.01/index.php#TheLighthouse|acces… …   Wikipedia

  • Assyrians in Russia — number up to 14,000 Assyrians according to the 2002 census. [ [http://www.eastview.com/census 2002/1 7 eng.pdf 2002 Russian census] ] ee also*Assyrian diasporaReferences …   Wikipedia

  • Assyrians and Syriacs in Lebanon — Assyrians/Syriacs in Lebanon constitute some of the country s Christian population. There are only a few thousand Assyrians/Syriacs in Lebanon, from the Church of the East. [ [http://www.photius.com/countries/lebanon/society/lebanon society… …   Wikipedia

  • Assyrians and Syriacs in the Netherlands — The Assyrian/Syriac Dutch ( nl. Assyrische/Syrischen Nederlanders) are citizens of The Netherlands of Assyrian/Syriacs ancestry. They mainly live in the east of the country, in the province of Overijssel, in such cities as Enschede, Hengelo,… …   Wikipedia

  • Assyrians and Syriacs in Georgia — Present day Assyrians and Syriacs in Georgia arrived in the Southern Caucasus in early 20th century when theirancestors fled present day Turkey, during the Seyfo genocide.HistoryHistorically, the first Assyrians arrived in Georgia in the 6th… …   Wikipedia

  • Assyrians in the United Kingdom — Infobox Ethnic group group = Assyrians in the United Kingdom flagicon|UK caption= poptime = 8,000http://www.christiansofiraq.com/Parliament.html] popplace = London, Birmingham, Manchester, Liverpool langs = English, Assyrian rels = Christianity;… …   Wikipedia